Light: An Alocasia plant requires very bright indirect light but no direct sun.

Water: Allow the top of the soil to dry before watering to make sure the soil is too wet all the time. Try to keep the soil evenly moist and provide sufficient drainage, Alocasias can be susceptible to root rot and fungal infections if their soil doesn't have proper drainage and becomes waterlogged. Will require less watering during winter dormancy.

Fertilizer: Fertilize every two weeks during spring and summer with basic houseplant fertilizer diluted to half the recommended strength. Does not require fertilizer during winter dormancy.

Temperature: Alocasia prefer warmer temperatures up to from 15c up to 26c. Long exposure to low temperatures makes the plant become dormant and may drop its leaves. Make sure to keep it away from air conditioners and cold drafts.

Humidity: This plant thrives best in high humidity environments like your kitchen or bathroom. Alocasia benefits greatly from a small humidifier unit or you can sit the plant on a tray of pebbles with water in them and allow natural evaporation to humidify the area around the plant. The plant and its soil do not want to be touching the pebbles at all, you can place the plant pot onto the pebbles. Your plant will also thoroughly enjoy regular misting from a spray bottle, this does promote plant diseases however so use this method with caution.

Flowering: The flower of the Alocasia is actually quite small and easy to miss compared to it’s large, bold foliage. Not much attention needs to be paid to the flowering process of the plant and you may remove the flowers if you so desire, as this allows the plant to give all that energy and nutrients to the beautiful leaves instead. During warmer summer months, a healthy Alocasia can produce a new leaf every week and each new leaf will most likely be bigger than the previous leaf.

Pests: A good habit to get into for Alocasia plants is to spray the plant with warm soapy water every few weeks to keep the foliage dust free and prevent mealy bugs, scale, aphids, and spider mites. If an infestation does occur, use an ultra-fine insecticide oil or Neem Oil. These products will kill the pests and their eggs.

Diseases: Alocasia is quite sensitive to diseases stemming from over watering. If the roots sit in soggy soil for too long or if the leaves are consistently wet they can develop diseases such as crown, stem, root rot, leaf pot and xanthamonas.

The most common symptom of these diseases is dark brown or black spots on the leaves, with a yellowish rim around them. This is why making sure the plant has sufficient drainage and correct watering goes a long way in making sure you have a healthy, happy Alocasia. Other preventative measures you can take are keeping the leaves dry and clean and providing good air circulation around the plant.

If your Alocasia has become infected, quickly remove the symptomatic leaves and any leaves that have fallen off, isolate the plant from other houseplants and treat with a fungicide of your choice.

Soil: Use a well aerated, loose soil so that there is plenty of drainage. If your soil seems too heavy and soggy, try mixing some builders sand or perlite.

Pot Size: Alocasia plants like to be root-bound in small pots, so don't rush to put them into larger pots.

Pruning: Quickly remove any yellow leaves or those that develop brown or black spots as that may be a sign of a fungal disease.

Propagation: Many Alocasia varieties can be propagated best via rhizome division. Slice off a piece of the rhizome and pot it up separately. Keep it warm and provide plenty of moisture until new growth forms from the rhizome. It is advised that you do additional research to ensure the success of your propagation. This video may provide some additional information

Resting Period: Your Alocasia will become dormant for several months during late fall and winter.

Poisonous Plant Info: Alocasia are moderately toxic if ingested. It will cause irritation and swelling in your mouth and stomach and can cause difficulting breathing due to swelling of the upper airway. Keep away from small children and pets. See your doctor/vet if ingested.


Light: Your Anthurium likes bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight will burn the leaves and low level of light will result in slower growth and fewer flowers.

Water: Let the soil get dry about 2cm down then water well to moisten all the soil. Do not let the plant sit in water as Anthurium are susceptible to root rot. Will not need as much water during cooler winter months.

Fertilizer: During warmer months of spring and summer, apply a balanced fertilizer once a month, diluted to ⅓ or ¼ strength. To encourage more flowers blooming use a fertilizer with a higher phosphorus level (the middle number or the “P” in NPK”).

Temperature: Enjoys temperatures of 16c to 24c but can tolerate higher temperatures. Do not place near an air-con unit or a draft, your plant will not enjoy constantly changing temperatures.

Humidity: Anthurium’s love humidity and will want at least 60%. Spraying with water or placing the plant over a pebble evaporation tray will increase the humidity.

Flowering: If provided with enough light and care your Anthurium will continuously bloom all year round.

Pests: Mealybugs, aphids, thrips, scale and spider mites are all common pests for the Anthurium. Most of these are quite hard to but leave distorted, mottled leaves so watch out for this. These pests can generally be dealt with by spraying with warm soapy water and wiping off or spraying with neem oil.

Diseases: Your Anthurium is susceptible to bacterial blight which looks like yellowish lesions on the leaves which turn black and die. This can be combated by removing the affected foliage, lowering the humidity around the plant and making sure there is adequate airflow. Bacterial wilt can also be a problem caused by bacteria in the soil or from unclean gardening tools. Make sure you use clean equipment and clean fresh soil when re potting. Remove dead leaves and debris from around the plant immediately.

Soil: Anthuriums enjoy coarse, chunky soil mix similar to orchid mix. Do not use general potting mix as it is too thick and heavy for this plant. Plenty of drainage and aeration is key.

Pot Size: Only requires re potting every few years when the roots begin to grow out the drainage holes.

Pruning: Remove any dying flowers or leaves immediately with clean tools.

Propagation: Propagation is easily done by dividing the plant mass during spring. Gently separate the root mass into smaller segments and re pot as usual. Make sure each segment has at least one leaf and decent roots.

Poisonous Plant Info: These are toxic to humans and animals. If ingested contact your doctor / vet immediately.

Calathea Roxy

Light: Calathea Roxy enjoys bright indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves and cause the bright colors on the foliage to fade.

Water: Quite susceptible to impurities in tap water, can cause the leaves to turn brown from leaf burn. To avoid this use distilled water, rain water or leave your tap water out overnight to allow impurities like chlorine to escape. Water once the top 2cm of soil are mostly dry and allow for proper drainage. Never let your plant sit in water.

Fertilizer: When the plant is growing during spring and summer, apply a general balanced fertilizer at ½ strength. Does not require fertilizer when not growing.

Temperature: Enjoys normal room temperatures of 16c - 24c. Do not place near cold drafts or expose to temperatures lower than 15c. Temperatures too high can cause the leaves to curl.

Humidity: Loves high humidity. The leaves will get brown tips and edges if the air is too dry. Provide additional humidity if needed by sitting the plant on a wet pebble tray or spraying with water. Do not allow the plant to sit in the water or allow the leaves to stay wet for too long.

Pests: Spider mites, scale, Mealy Bugs and Aphids are common pests for a Calathea. These can be dealt with by spraying with warm soapy water and wiping off or spraying with neem oil.

Diseases: Susceptible to bacterial and fungal diseases due to the high humidity a Calathea thrives in. Be careful to not leave the foliage wet for too long if the temperature is not high enough to evaporate it quickly.

Soil: Any good porous potting mix works well. Something that has plenty of drainage but holds water well.

Pot Size: Rarely wants re potting and becomes quite stressed when disturbed. Only re pot when root bound, likely every few years and only during spring.

Pruning: Just remove discolored or crispy foliage immediately.

Poisonous Plant Info: Non toxic to humans and animals. Eating the plant is still not advised.

Calathea Orbifolia

Light: Loves bright indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight will make the color on the foliage dull and may burn the leaves.

Water: The leaves don't wilt much when it wants water so keep an eye on the soil. When the top 2cm is mostly dry water it just enough to moisten all the soil but do not leave any sitting water.

Fertilizer: Your Calathea will be happy with a balanced fertilizer applied at ⅓ or ½ concentration monthly during the warmer months of spring and summer.

Temperature: Calatheas like a normal room temperature of 17c to 24c

Humidity: The more humidity the happier your plant. If needed, increase the humidity by sitting it on a wet pebble tray or spray it occasionally with a water spray bottle. Do not let the leaves sit wet for too long though as this can cause disease.

Pests: Susceptible to thrips, aphids and mealybugs. These can damage the leaves and make them distorted or wilted. Spraying with warm soapy water or neem oil can remove pests.

Diseases: Calathea Orbifolia is prone to fungal infections and pests due to the high humidity requirements to make the plant happy. Proper airflow around the plant and adequate temperature ensure that there is not water sitting on the foliage for too long.

Soil: Enjoys general house plant potting mix, anything that provides good drainage.

Pot Size: Doesn't like being re-potted more than absolutely necessary. Just keep an eye out for when your plant becomes root bound.

Pruning: Just remove yellowing or dead foliage immediately.

Propagation: Propagation at home is not advised as Calathea Orbifolia becomes quite stressed when disturbed.

Poisonous Plant Info: Non toxic to humans and animals

Philodendron Birkin

Light: Enjoys bright indirect sunlight. Good light for this plant promotes the variegation. Direct sunlight may burn the foliage.

Water: Allow the top 2cm of soil to mostly dry out before watering. Moisten all the soil when watering and make sure you have enough drainage so there is no water left sitting. Do not let the plant sit in water as this will cause root rot.

Fertilizer: Apply a balanced fertilizer during the warmer months of springs and summer.

Temperature: Likes a room temperature of at least 16c to 24c. Prefers to be warm and will not tolerate being below 15c.

Humidity: Birkin loves high humidity. Provide additional humidity with a wet pebble tray below the plant or by spraying with water if the air is too dry.


Pests: Not very prone to pests however can be affected by aphids or mealybugs. These can be dealt with by spraying with warm soapy water and wiping off or spraying with neem oil.

Diseases: Not overly prone to diseases. A common problem you may run into is yellowing of the edges of the leaves which is caused by over watering.

Soil: Your Birkin is happy with a rich peat or bark based soil mix. Something a bit heavy that can retain moisture well but doesn't hold water.

Pot Size: Only requires re potting when your plant becomes root bound.

Pruning: Does not require pruning except to remove dead or dying leaves. Check around and under leaves for small pests.

Propagation: Can be propagated by cutting off a stem and planting it in soil in an environment with plenty of light, heat and humidity. Remove all but 2 or 3 leaves from the cutting.

Poisonous Plant Info: Toxic to humans and animals. Contact your doctor / vet if ingested.

Fiddle Leaf Fig ( Ficus Lyrata )

Light: Needs lots of bright, indirect sunlight to really grow big. Your Ficus will suffer if not given enough light.

Water: It's better to underwater than overwater with this Ficus. Overwatering will result in Oedema, causing dark spots on the leaves which will become coarse and mottled.

Fertilizer: Doesn’t need much fertilizer. During warmer months give it some diluted liquid fertilizer once a month.

Temperature: Will do fine in any normal room temperature. Doesn’t like constant changes in environment temperature so make sure to keep away from drafts.

Humidity: Does not require any additional humidity. However it will appreciate the foliage being sprayed with water once or twice a month to keep it clean.

Pests: Just make sure to check the underside of the foliage for bugs when you spray and wipe it.

Repotting: When the plant is young and still growing a lot, re-pot every spring. Once matured just replace the top ⅓ of soil yearly.

Pruning: Remove any leaves that begin to yellow or brown from age. Cut the top off once your Ficus has reached the desired height to keep it there.

Poisonous Plant Info: Toxic to animals and humans, if ingested seek medical attention. Sap will cause irritation to eyes and skin.

Philodendron Congo Apple

Light: Enjoys medium - low light levels. Never put in direct sunlight.

Water: More sensitive to over watering than under watering. Always allow the top 5cm of soil to dry completely before watering.

Fertilizer: Feed with a balanced fertilizer at ½ strength once a month during the warmer months (spring/summer).

Temperature: Will do fine in any normal room temperature. Doesn’t like constant changes in environment temperature so make sure to keep away from drafts.

Humidity: Does appreciate occasional misting. The large foliage is very good at collecting dust and would like to be gently wiped down with a damp cloth occasionally.

Pests: Most common are Aphids and Mealybugs. Can be removed by spraying with neem oil.

Repotting: Philodendron grow slowly and hardly need repotting, perhaps every 2 years.

Pruning: Hardly needs pruning, just remove visibly dead leaves.

Monstera Deliciosa

Can grow in dimly lit rooms but will really flourish in bright indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves.

Water: Wait until the top 5cm of the soil is dry then water until all the soil is moist, not soggy. Don't leave sitting in water.

Fertilizer: Feed once a month during warmer months (spring/summer) with a general houseplant fertilizer.

Temperature: Enjoys normal room temperature (18-24c) but do not let it get below 15c.

Humidity: Your Monstera will really thrive if misted weekly. It is best to do this in the morning so the water can evaporate in the sun.

Poisonous Plant Info: Toxic to humans and pets, keep out of reach.

Calathea Insignis

Light: The vibrant colours on the leaves will be more pronounced if you give the plant bright light, but not direct sunlight. Can tolerate low light.

Water: Be careful about over watering it. You do not want the plant sitting in water so adequate drainage is a must. Wait until the soil is dry about 2cm down to water. If you get spot developing on the leaves then it may be caused by mineral build up from tap water. You should switch to distilled water if possible and flush the soil.

Fertilizer: Calathea don’t require much fertilizer. They will appreciate any balanced fertilizer during periods of growth or flowering, during spring and summer.

Temperature: Enjoys higher temperatures like 18c to 30c. Don’t let it get below 15c too much.

Humidity: Your Calathea really enjoys high humidity environments. You can increase the humidity by spraying the plant with water (only if it's warm enough for the water to evaporate by the end of the day, don’t let the leaves stay wet too long) or placing a pebble tray below the plant filled with water.


Pests: Spider mites, scale, Mealy Bugs and Aphids are common house plant pests that can be a problem. These can be removed by spraying with neem oil and regularly wiping the leaves.


Diseases: Prone to foliar fungal problems. Keep the leaves dry as much as possible. If you see yellowing, black, mushiness or falling apart stems then you may have root rot from overwatering.

Soil: A good soil that retains water but drains well is advised. Bark can help retain water or African Violet soil works well.

Pot Size: Rarely need repotting.

Pruning: Remove browning or crispy leaves immediately.

Propagation: Calathea can be propagated via plant division.

Poisonous Plant Info: Non Toxic houseplant, probably don't eat too much of it still.

Phalaenopsis Orchid

Light: Requires good, bright direct light to thrive. Will not tolerate direct sunlight at all and will burn the foliage easily. Rotate the plant occasionally to even out growth.

Water: A good method for watering is to soak the bark in water for 15 - 20 mins to let it absorb plenty of water. This moisture is then released slowly which provides the Orchid all the water it wants. Your orchid does not like drought at all.

Fertilizer: Fertilize with a weak orchid fertilizer weekly during spring and summer. Reduce this to once a month during colder months.

Temperature: Your orchid enjoys higher temperatures but can tolerate anything from 16c to 24c. During flowering season it wants a good contrast between daytime and night time temperatures to bloom well. It can tolerate going down as low as 12c at night during this period.

Humidity: The higher the temperature, the higher the humidity requirements of this plant. A wet pebble tray or regularly misting with water can provide this additional humidity. With increased humidity you also need higher airflow to prevent diseases and fungus.

Flowering: During flowering season it wants a good contrast between daytime and night time temperatures to bloom well. It can tolerate going down as low as 12c at night during this period.

Pests: Scale, mealy bugs, slugs, and snails are some of the pests common to Orchids.

Diseases: Your Orchid is susceptible to root or stem rot due to overly soggy soil. This is why it is advised to plant your orchid in bark and saturate the bark properly.

Soil: Most bark potting media will be great for an Orchid

Pot Size: Only requires repotting every 2 - 3 years.

Pruning: When a flower drops off, keep an eye on the flowers and the surrounding stem. Once the stem begins to yellow it is best to cut it back a node to preserve energy.

Poisonous Plant Info: Non toxic to humans and animals.


Light: Enjoys bright light but can still live happily in low light areas. Avoid direct sunlight as you may burn the foliage.

Water:Really does not want much water. Allow the soil to completely dry on top before watering, then moderately moisten all the soil. Better to under water than over water with the Zammy. The most common problem people have is over watering, which can cause rhizome and root rot. A few leaves turning yellow and falling off is natural but if quite a few are doing this, it is most likely caused by over watering.

Fertilizer: The Zammy wants some balanced liquid fertilizer during the warmer months of spring and summer. Always apply fertilizer to moist soil to avoid it running straight to the roots and burning them. Also avoid getting fertilizer on the foliage.

Temperature: Normal room temperature of 16c to 24c is great. Never lower than 8-9c.

Humidity: Normal household humidity is fine, however if you have an air-conditioning unit which dries the air then giving the plant extra humidity (by spraying or an evaporation tray) to compensate helps keep it healthy.

Pests: A common pest to the Zammy is aphids, they like the sap from the plant. Symptoms of an aphid infestation are yellow marks or spots on your plants. You may have to look closely, especially under the leaves, for aphids as they blend in quite well. The infestation can be removed by wiping it away with warm soapy water.

Soil: Most decent well draining potting mix will make your Zammy happy. A higher concentration of perlite or sand in the mix indicates it will drain better.

Pot Size: Re-potting once a year at the beginning of Spring is advised.

Pruning: Remove yellowing leaves immediately. If one stem grows much longer than the others, the best option is to cut it completely off otherwise it tends to look a bit weird.

Propagation: Pretty easy to propagate, especially if you have rooting hormone. You can divide the rhizome or take leaf cuttings, apply rooting hormone to the cut edge if you have it and then place them on top of a damp towel or soil and let them grow in a high humidity, high temperature environment. Can take up to a year to root fully.

Poisonous Plant Info: All parts of this plant are considered toxic to humans and pets. Consult your doctor if you or your pet ingest any part of this plant.

Phalaenopsis Orchid

Ficus Lyrata (Fiddle Leaf Fig)

Philodendron Congo Apple

Monstera Deliciosa